A Beginners Guide to Welding

If you wanna know about welding in a short time, then this is the post for you.

Unlike the other lengthy pieces about welding, I won’t bore you with unnecessary details like the history of welding and other stuff.

So, let’s get to the point.

What Is Welding?

I would summarize the entire process in just two words; joining metals. Yes, in this process, we use heat to join different pieces of metals.

Many might confuse it with other procedures like brazing and smoldering. However, they are clearly different and don’t have many things in common.

One key difference is brazing and soldering do not affect the base metal.

Types of Welding

Now, welding has many variations. There are a lot of different methods that you can choose from according to your needs. So, let’s get you acquainted with the welding methods.

1. Oxy-Fuel Welding

I guess you can get the idea of how the flame is created from the name of the method. You have to attach the torch to both oxygen and gas tanks to create the flame.

Oxy-Fuel Welding

Now, it’s an ancient welding method dating back to the early twentieth century. Nevertheless, it’s still quite effective and will do the job well.

2. Stick Welding

The electrode used in the process resembles a stick, hence, the method getting its name.

Now, the equipment for this method comes at a reasonable price. Also, the process isn’t affected by the wind.

Stick Welding

However, as the Stick Welding process goes on, the electrode keeps getting shorter. Thus, after reaching a certain point, you’ll need to replace the electrode.

3. Tig Welding

It’s one of the most popular methods of welding and preferred by me as well. The biggest difference it has with stick welding is that its tip doesn’t erode with time.

You’ll also get to use a torch with this one. An arc is created to complete the process.

Tig Welding

The reason that you should use this method is that it’s quite precise and offers a very good result.

However, the downside of the Tig Welding method is that it occupies both your hand.

4. Mig Welding

If you hate complexity (well, everyone does), you’ll love this method. That’s because the method somehow turns welding into an easy and simple chore.

So, if you are a beginner, then MIG Welding is the method you wanna start with.

Just like the previous method, this one also uses an arc to do the welding. However, the true magic lies in how the arc is created.

Mig Welding

Now, a MIG welder comes with a gun. Not a real gun of course; welding gun. The nozzle on the gun has an electrode wire attached to it. The moment it comes in contact with the metal, an arc is created.

Also, you won’t have to use both your hands for this method.

5. Flux-Cored Arc Welding

This method has elements of both stick and mig welding in it.

Flux-Cored Arc Welding

For example, while using a stick welder, you’ll see that when the electrode burns, shielding gases are formed automatically. The same thing happens with this process.

That said, this method is equally dependent on the electrode as the mig welding process.

Things You Need for Welding

Here we’ll talk about the equipment you will need for the welding process.

  • Welding Machine

No matter which type of welding method you prefer, you’ll need a great welding machine for sure. These machines provide the current required for the process.

There are several types of welding machines. Make sure that you get the one that checks all the right boxes for you.

  • Regulators

If you want to ration the shielding gas, then you will need a regulator for that. Without the regulator, the shielding gas will be finished within seconds.

  • Consumable Elements

To create heat, you will need a consumable element like an electrode.

  • Welding Guns

Welding guns will be required to make an arc.

Safety Equipment That You Must Get

If proper safety measures are not taken beforehand, then it might lead to a terrible accident. Hence, you need to get these equipment before you get started.


Now that you know all the essentials about welding, it’s time to put your knowledge to work. So, get yourself a welding machine, and get started.

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