Would you like to know what exactly balance in art is? Lines, textures, colors, and forms that contribute to visual stability are referred to as balance in art. Balance is a fundamental element of art and design; it is associated with unity, proportion, emphasis, and rhythm, among other principles.
A general definition of balance is the state of equilibrium between different elements. Although balance doesn’t necessarily imply the stability of forms around a center in art and design, it refers to the arrangement of forms that express the sense of balance in the viewer’s eyes. The art’s equilibrium or balance of elements can be achieved only by reconciling opposing forces.
So, one of the basic building blocks of visual images is balance, which contributes to their aesthetic potency. Balance comes in many varieties. When it comes to terminology, we commonly use symmetrical, asymmetrical, and radial. You will see asymmetrical, symmetrical, and radial symmetry in art, architecture, and design. As long as human history has existed, the balance can be a significant part of the arts. In this article, we will focus on 30 balance in art examples. Take a look!
In art, balance is one of the most important principles, alongside rhythm, contrast, emphasis, movement, unity, pattern, and variety. It is determined by each element of art’s visual weight within the composition to create visual equilibrium. So, this means that no side seems heavier than the other.
Gravity dictates the balance of three-dimensional objects, and we can easily determine whether something is balanced or not. An unbalanced object falls over. A fulcrum causes an object to arch on one side while rising on the other. Artists must assess the composition’s balance based on visual weight for two dimensions. Sculptors keep an eye on both physical and visual weights to achieve balance.
Perhaps due to our bilateral symmetry, we have a natural desire to achieve equilibrium and balance. The majority of artists seek a balance in their artwork. It is a balanced piece of art when its visual weight is evenly distributed, when it appears stable, when the viewer is comfortable, and when it appeals to the eye. Having unbalanced work makes it appear unstable, causes tension, and leaves the viewer feeling uneasy. Artists often create unbalanced works intentionally.
As we speak, there are three major types of balance in art and design. These are known as symmetrical balance, asymmetrical balance, and radial balance. Symmetrical balance is a balanced form of structure that systematically repeats forms patterns, including radial symmetry. As you could imagine, the asymmetrical balance has to do with balancing different elements in a three-dimensional structure that are visually equivalent or are equivalent on a physical and visual level. There is no formula for deriving asymmetrical balances. It is more the result of the artist’s intuition than a formula.
When artists create artwork, they combine the visual components to ensure that one part does not completely dominate the rest. The choices made by the artist are deliberate ones to ensure the art is balanced and in equilibrium. The following types of balance in the art are used by artists to create this pleasing effect.
In art, symmetrical balance refers to the same or very similar parts of the artwork. The term symmetry refers to the formal balance, which refers to mirroring two halves of an artwork. Such a type of balance is common and well known. Human bodies are balanced symmetrically in just the same way our planet is balanced: our cars, clothes, and furniture, etc. The symmetry of the composition and the subject of the work leads to a strong sense of order and stability.
There is no such thing as approximate symmetry; it is just symmetric with a dash of variety. A compositional axis employing approximate symmetry produces elements with similar sizes, shapes, and numbers, but the elements are not very similar.
Radial Balance in Art Examples
As a general rule, radial balance refers to equal parts radiating outward from the center in art.
As in the spokes of a wheel or ripples in a pond, radial symmetry is a variation of symmetrical balance that places equal numbers of elements around a central point. In this way, the radial symmetry draws attention to the center.
There are many examples of radial symmetry in nature, including the seeds of a dandelion, the petals of a tulip, or certain marine creatures like jellyfish. So additionally, it is used in sacred geometry and religious art, such as mandalas and contemporary art forms.
An asymmetrical balance appears to have an equal visual weight despite the two sides of a composition not matching. As the viewer’s eye moves through the artwork, positive and negative shapes are unevenly distributed throughout. There is more difficulty in achieving asymmetrical balance than symmetrical balance because each element in the composition has its own visual weight.
It is possible to achieve asymmetrical balance by placing multiple small items on one side and a larger item on the other side, or by placing smaller elements further from the center, or placing larger elements closer to the center. Many lighter shapes can balance out a dark shape. Symmetrical balance is formal, but asymmetrical balance is more dynamic. Despite its informal appearance, it requires careful planning.
The visual weight of objects, colors, textures, and space is distributed in such a way as to create a sense of balance. All of these factors should be in harmony to give the design a sense of stability. It is possible to direct this movement along the artwork’s lines, edges, shapes, and colors.
All parts of the composition are given equal weight to achieve a harmonious balance. Asymmetrical or symmetrical balance is possible. Artists use repetition, variety, and a clear message to achieve unity through the subject matter.
Anesthetic concept called symmetrical balance, or formal balance, involves equal weight and meaningfulness on both sides of a constituent.
Radial balance describes the spread out of elements around a center point. The result of radial symmetry is when each element has an equal visual weight. Even though the design is symmetrical, the attention to detail and the way in which shapes flow into one another keep the composition fresh and interesting.
It is important to consider how your audience will perceive balanced compositions after you create them consistently. An imbalanced composition is not always a bad thing. It is sometimes appropriate to use imbalance to illustrate a frightening or dangerous concept, such as war or uncertainty, as it provokes an unsettling feeling in the viewer.
Whether you prefer symmetrical or asymmetrical balance, you need to keep your mind balanced. They each serve their own purpose in the composition of your artwork. You must use balance purposefully in your work, choosing the right form of balance depending on your message and your subject matter.